Diabetes Mellitus and its symptoms and treatment

Diabetes Mellitus and its symptoms and treatment

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease that prolongs as long as you live and it stops your body to produce blood sugar or accept it.

In layman terms we can say that Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that stops converting your food into energy. And when you try to get energy your body refuses to accept it.

Diabetes Mellitus can range from infants to older people and in the current living conditions more and more children and young adults are falling victim to this disease.

Exploring further we get to see that Diabetes Mellitus has three types and they are caused by three distinct reasons.

  1. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

This form of diabetes means that people having this are dependent on artificial injection of insulin. Insulin is produced by your pancreas and this autoimmune disease starts attacking your pancreas with your body’s own antibodies.

When this happens the result is no production of insulin and in turn you have to inject it artificially. This particular type of Diabetes Mellitus is also known as juvenile onset diabetes because most of the times this disease starts from one’s childhood.

Type 1 Diabetes symptoms range from urinating frequently, getting hungry frequently and feeling fatigued a lot more. The treatment is simple enough though Insulin has to be injected artificially and that can be done through syringes, insulin pens, insulin pumps & jet injectors.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This form of Diabetes Mellitus is the most common occurring diabetes and 73% of adults ( Diabetic ) around the world are suffering from this type of diabetes.

The other name for this type is also Adult onset diabetes. However, with the recent development young adults and obese people are being victims to this type of Diabetes Mellitus more and more. In this case the pancreas do produce insulin but its either in low quantities or the body is not ready to accept it.

Symptoms are the same as Type 1 diabetes. Treatment however is different to that of Type 1 Diabetes, exercise, weight management and nutrition are kept in check. Unfortunately though type is a progressing type of Diabetes Mellitus and this has to be balanced with medications.

Gestational Diabetes

This is the type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and this also at some point leads to insulin resistance.

This type of diabetes must be controlled through medications so that through the placenta the baby is not harmed in any case.

Also Read: How gestational diabetes affect you after marriage

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